Pomeranians are generally a healthy, hardy, and long-lived breed. Poms often live 12–16 years.
The Pomeranian is active but diminutive, needing daily exercise but able to meet its needs with indoor games or short walks. Although it has a warm coat, it is too small and too family-oriented to live as an outdoor dog. Its double coat needs brushing twice weekly, more when shedding. The Pom can outwalk you if you do decide to take it for walks, and enjoys meeting people out walking.
The Pomeranian is a very active dog who is intelligent, courageous, and a loyal companion. The Pomeranian may not interact well with small children, and due to its small size can suffer abuse from children.
The most common health problem in Pomeranians is luxating Patellas. Also Legg-Calve-Perthes syndrome and Hip Dysplasia can occur, but are rare in this small breed. Patent Ductus Arteriosus (a heart disease) has become serious problems in Poms. Dry eye. a tear duct disorder and cataracts that can appear in young adulthood and often lead to blindness are also common.
Poms, like many Toy breeds, are prone to bad teeth (which can be resolved with regualr dentals) and harmless episodes of reverse sneezing.
Pomeranians can be trained to be good watchdogs by announcing intruders with loud, sharp barks or yips.
Unfortunately, lack of very dedicated training has instead led this breed to a reputation for constant, undirected barking. For this reason, these dogs can prove very stressful company for those unaccustomed to their vocal nature. But stating "NO!" in a firm, gentle voice will let them know when it is wrong for them to bark.
The Pomeranian easily adapts to life in the city, and is an excellent dog for country living with its strong hunting instincts from its wild ancestors.